Physiology and Metabolism of Extremophiles (#249)

Extremophiles are organisms that thrive under harsh environments and include thermophiles/psychrophiles (high and low temperature), acidophiles/alkaliphiles (low and high pH), piezophiles (high pressure) and halophiles (high salt concentrations). Organisms that exhibit unusually high tolerance against other environmental factors such as organic solvents and UV/radiation can also be considered as extremophiles. The mechanisms governing the physiology and metabolism of these organisms are still poorly understood, but we have witnessed significant progress in the last few years. Research on extremophiles has led to the discovery of an abundant number of proteins/enzymes with novel functions, as well as response/signal transduction mechanisms that are not found in model organisms. This session aims to present and discuss the most recent advances in the physiology, adaptation mechanisms and metabolic enzymes/pathways in extremophiles, as well as the application of these organisms and their enzymes in biotechnology.
Last update: Dec 28, 2015