Symposium on Petroleomics: Molecular Level Understanding of Petroleum for Environmental Science and Petroleum Engineering (#247)

Crude oil is a complex mixture of heterogeneous materials, some of which self-associate, and its complexity poses many analytical challenges. Over the past century, many techniques have been used to improve our understanding of crude oil. Recently, developments in high resolution mass spectrometry have greatly expanded our knowledge of the chemical compositions of crude oils. However, a number of issues remain before the technique reaches its full potential. Structures of the chemical formulae identified from crude oils are still largely unknown. The quantitative correlation between observed gas phase ions and compounds existing in crude oils are not identified. The extent to which the ionizable compounds represent the crude oil is unknown. Another major issue is how to transform the detailed chemical data from mass spectrometry to practical problems such as oil characterization for phase behavior, property, and reaction modeling. Other new techniques and particularly combined techniques are critical for establishing the relationship between composition and fluid properties. The focus of this symposium is to: 1) present the most recent developments in analytical and characterization methods related to crude oils; 2) discuss the application of petroleomics to solve analytical problems in environmental science and petroleum engineering.
Last update: Dec 28, 2015